ecology

Fungi as food source for plants

The number of plant species that extract organic nutrients from fungi could be much higher than previously assumed. This was discovered by researchers from the University of Bayreuth and the

Tougher start could help captive-bred game birds

Tougher early lives could help captive-bred game birds develop survival skills for adulthood in the wild, new research suggests.

Harrington Seed Destructor kills nearly 100 percent of US agronomic weed seeds in lab study

In the battle against herbicide-resistant weeds, farmers are increasingly eager to add non-chemical control methods to their management toolbox. Impact mills, which destroy weed seeds picked up by a

Pulling out weeds is the best thing you can do to help nature recover from fire

Many Australians feel compelled to help our damaged wildlife after this season's terrible bushfires. Suggested actions have included donating money, leaving water out for thirsty animals, and learning

Humans not always to blame for genetic diversity loss in wildlife

Conservationists should be wary of assuming that genetic diversity loss in wildlife is always caused by humans, as new research published today by international conservation charity ZSL (Zoological

Prescribed fires help native plants find mates, reproduce and flourish: study

For a prairie plant, a fiery love life isn't just fun—it's essential.

Recreational fishers catching more sharks and rays

Recreational fishers are increasingly targeting sharks and rays, a situation that is causing concern among researchers.

Revenge of the albatross: seabirds expose illicit fishing

For the magnificent but maligned albatross, it was time for a little payback after centuries of insult and injury.

Research suggests benefits of conservation efforts may not yet be fully visible

The time it takes for species to respond to conservation measures—known as an 'ecological time lag' - could be partly masking any real progress that is being made, experts have warned.

Fungal decisions can affect climate

When we think of climate change, we tend to think about greenhouse gases, fossil fuels and pollution. Most of us don't think about fungi.

Earth's most biodiverse ecosystems face a perfect storm

A combination of climate change, extreme weather and pressure from local human activity is causing a collapse in global biodiversity and ecosystems across the tropics, new research shows.

Biologist provides framework for national invasive species policy, implementation

A special issue of the journal Biological Invasions, co-edited by University of Rhode Island ecologist Laura Meyerson and University of Tennessee biologist Daniel Simberloff, provides a pathway to

As gray whale migration reaches its peak, scientists fear another unexplained die-off

As California gray whales wind their way south along North America's Pacific coast—from their feeding grounds in the Arctic to their spring destination in the secluded lagoons of Mexico's Baja

Human-wildlife conflict threatens protected reserves in East Africa

Each year, more than a million wildebeest migrate across the grassy plains of the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania into Kenya's Masai Mara National Reserve. But on the borders of these protected

Sharp increase in Ningaloo whale shark injuries might be due to boat encounters

Almost one-fifth of the whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) in Western Australia's Ningaloo Reef Marine Park show major scarring or fin amputations, with the number of injured animals increasing in recent

Carcasses important for plants and insects in the Oostvaardersplassen Nature Reserve

Allowing the carcasses of dead deer to remain in the Oostvaardersplassen Nature Reserve has a positive effect on biodiversity in the area. Not only do the carcasses attract many more insects and other

Fungal diversity and its relationship to the future of forests

If you indulge in truffles, or porcini and chanterelle mushrooms, you have enjoyed a product of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Forming symbiotic relationships with plants—including pine, birch, oak and willow

Caterpillar loss in tropical forest linked to extreme rain, temperature events

Using a 22-year dataset of plant-caterpillar-parasitoid interactions collected within a patch of protected Costa Rican lowland Caribbean forest, scientists report declines in caterpillar and

Biologists recommend urgent action to protect California spotted owls

In the Pacific Northwest, the range expansion of Barred Owls has contributed to a conservation crisis for Northern Spotted Owls, which are being displaced from their old-growth forest habitat. How

A model ecosystem fish story

Have I got a fish story for you. Any angler beginning a yarn like that usually ends up spinning a tall tale, an exaggeration or bald-faced lie.